June 19, 2019
1980 in his State of the Union address President Jimmy Carter said: “Any
attempt by any outside force to gain control of the Persian Gulf will be
regarded as an assault on the vital interests of the United States and such an
assault will be repelled by any means necessary, including military force.”
President Donald Trump: We’ve been here before and it’s as ludicrous this time
as it was nearly 40 years ago. Why on earth are you sending in a flotilla of
ships and 2,500 troops? Why are you so convinced that the mines that exploded
on two oil tankers, neither of which were American, in the Persian Gulf are the
work of the Iranians?
Persian Gulf, and in particular the infamous Strait of Hormuz, the narrow
waterway (21 miles wide, the same as the English Channel) that is its entrance,
is no longer the “jugular” of the Western economies, even less so than it was
in Carter’s time.
Carter’s time the rapid construction of overland pipelines was reducing the
Gulf’s importance by the day. Besides, as the Iran-Iraq war had revealed, it
was not possible to block the strait by sinking ships at its entrance. Its
waters run too deep and its currents are too strong.
that war showed that large modern-day tankers are not especially vulnerable targets.
Their very size makes them difficult to sink and crude oil is not particularly
flammable. It’s nothing more than a myth that shipping got through during the
war because of the presence of American, British, Dutch and French naval
As for the present day, oil is in abundance. The present day price is a low 62 US dollars a barrel, and has slipped by over 20% over the past month. A year ago it was 65. OPEC used to take advantage of dangerous situations like the present Gulf crisis to push up oil prices.
They no longer do, as its members have learned that they are as much the losers when they help push Western economies into recession.
Moreover, the Western world is not as dependent on Gulf oil as is often thought, even though 30% of the world’s sea-borne oil passes through the Strait. American shale output, leading to the US turning from a big importer to a big exporter, has had a major impact.
The steady increase in Western Europe of the use of Russian gas also has contributed to making the Gulf countries’ oil exports less significant, at least in the short run, which is all that matters in a situation like this.
At the time when the Carter Administration was winding up the sense of anxiety and panic one of the arguments put forward was that the Soviet Union, having invaded Afghanistan, would next push on to the Gulf to grab the oil to make up for its own falling production.
It seemed to many a ludicrous idea then, given the mountainous terrain. Now it seems nonsense.
will remain for as far as one can see a major oil producer and exporter and has
no need, if ever it did, to grab some other country’s oil wells.
even if the US is misreading the situation, it can’t be allowed to just boil
over. The international community has to get involved. The Europeans, apart
from the British, are being careful not to back the US up in its conviction
that the mining of two oil tankers has been carried out by Iran.
By what authority does the US insist on freedom of passage? Is it the Law of the Sea, the great negotiated text fathered by the United Nations with the enthusiastic participation of the US, which carefully chiseled an accommodation between new coastal jurisdictions and traditional high seas freedoms?
No, because one of the early acts of President Ronald Reagan was to turn his back on nine years’ work and pull the US out of the negotiations. Nothing much has changed in America’s position in the years since.
short, there is a legal limbo.
the US calls for “freedom of navigation” in the Gulf, much of the world notes
quietly that Washington seems only prepared to cite international law when it
is in its own interests. If the US can interpret sea law as it chooses, so will
everyone else. Indeed we know that China already has in the South China Sea.
UN Security Council must take urgent action and issue a mandate to a
representative group of maritime nations to send in a flotilla under the UN flag.
Something similar was done to defeat the pirates off the coast of Somalia more
than a decade ago with naval ships sent by countries as diverse as China and
is the way to dampen a flashpoint before passions and principalities get out of
As regards a flotilla under the UN flag to safeguard “the freedom of navigation” it should be pointed out that the problem is not just obstacles to freedom of navigation. With its illegal extraterritorial sanctions on Iran, the United States has in practice imposed a state of economic siege and has declared an economic war on Iran. If “the freedom of navigation” is to be safeguarded urgent action should also be taken in parallel to put an end to the US-imposed economic blockade on Iran. Iran should be able to sell her oil to the world and have normal economic relations without the threat of secondary sanctions by the United States before we take measures to ensure freedom of navigation through the Persian Gulf. In this case, it is not Iran that is acting like pirates, but the United States that is engaged in acts of global piracy by preventing Iran from engaging in normal trade, something that the Security Council Resolution 2231 provided, which the United States along all other permanent members of the Security Council, plus Germany and EU, must implement in good faith.
The Strait of Hormuz is still a jugular of Western and world economy. More than 20% and by some accounts nearly 30% of world oil passes through the Strait of Hormuz and today Iran has the ability to block it for a long time. The closure of the Strait will cause the price of oil to rise to $1,000 per barrel according to some estimate, which would devastate many economies. However, the way to avoid that terrible outcome is not to wage war but to engage in serious and honest negotiations to resolve other differences as was done with the nuclear issue.
Many Western leaders still think that they live in the colonial era and the sight of a warship would force other nations to immediately surrender. This will not work in the case of a revolutionary nation that is ready to fight. Of course, Iran will suffer a great deal as the result of a war with the United States, but it will also set the entire Middle East on fire and some shakier regimes like those of Saudi Arabia and UEA would collapse before Iran does. Even Israel would not remain unscathed.
Therefore, any sane person would conclude that the only option is to resolve the problems peacefully. However, some US politicians, especially religious zealots such as Pompeo and Bolton who are thinking of implementing the divine plan, who have openly said that God has sent Trump to protect Israel from Iran that they have identified as the mythical Amalek have different ideas. A combination of a belief in “a unique and special” nation and the belief in ancient myths and superstitions gives rise to a truly dangerous mix.