August 5, 2019
Iran’s Foreign Minister Dr Mohammad Javad Zarif gave a speech at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). SIPRI is a highly respected research institute with a special place in the hearts of peace-lovers throughout the world.
In a world where there are so many think thanks and organisations advocating war and conflict, the few peace institutes have a big role to play to fill the void and provide an alternative voice to the dominant clamour of corporate media that represent the establishment and its reliance upon conflict and the military-industrial complex.
The sanctions on Iran violate international law
The latest series of American extraterritorial sanctions on Iran have given rise to enormous hardships and food and medical shortages experienced by ordinary Iranians.
The dispatch of military forces and warships to the Persian Gulf have brought the world to the verge of another devastating war in the Middle East that could make the disastrous invasion of Iraq look like child’s play.
There is no need to point out that these sanctions are violations of the Security Council Resolution 2231 that called for the lifting of all sanctions on Iran. In fact, they amount to a declaration of war and constitute economic terrorism.
Under these dire circumstances, it was praiseworthy of SIPRI to invite the Iranian foreign minister, who is personally under US sanctions, to speak.
As the Trump administration and the Israeli right-wing government try to suppress Zarif’s voice and prevent his message of rapprochement with the West being heard, it is important for peace institutes to provide him with a platform to put the counter-argument.
Iran and the French proposal
It was quite indicative that as soon as the reports about Zarif’s surprise visit to Biarritz where the G-7 summit was in progress were released, Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu panicked and made desperate attempts to get in touch with President Trump who was in the middle of meetings with other heads of states to warn him against meeting with Zarif.
Netanyahu also contacted President Emmanuel Macron protesting against his mediation efforts, saying that this was not the right time for it. (1)
However, European officials seem to be coalescing behind the French proposal to provide Iran with a credit line of some $15 billion, allowing Iran to sell at least 700,000 barrels of oil a day (twice the current amount that Iran is exporting, but less than a third of what she was exporting prior to the sanctions).
European diplomats have also swung behind French efforts to ease US-Iran tensions. On Friday 29th August French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian briefed his European counterparts on the talks in his meeting with them in the Finnish capital.
German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas welcomed the move and said: “We are all of the
Iranian Foreign Minister Zarif has also called the French proposals “productive”, and Iranian officials will be travelling to France in the coming days to continue work on those proposals.
In the midst of the dangers that the world is facing and the efforts that are made to prevent military clashes, SIPRI’s invitation to Zarif to address that institute assumed greater significance.
Zarif’s intellectually impressive speech
In his wide-ranging address that was delivered without notes, Zarif touched on a number of very important regional and international issues. He talked about the details of Iran’s nuclear deal (the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action or JCPOA) that was negotiated laboriously over two years, not only with the United States but with all the five permanent members of the Security Council, plus Germany, and was unanimously endorsed by the European Union and the Security Council Resolution 2231.
Zarif referred to a large number of binding international agreements that Trump has violated, including the Paris Climate Accord, the IMF (Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty), various UN resolutions on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, etc.
He talked about the need for mutual adherence to international treaties, pointing out that unilateral violation of international law will result in chaos and the law of the jungle.
He stressed that in the contemporary world no country can ensure its own security at the expense of the security of other states.
He warned that no amount of sophisticated weapons sold to client states in the Middle East can safeguard regional security. On the contrary, it will lead to greater instability and conflict.
He spoke about the importance of freedom of navigation, but added that either all countries enjoy this right or no country that needs to transit through the narrow Strait of Hormuz, most of which lies within Iranian territorial waters, will experience security.
Above all, he talked about the need for collective regional security, pointing out that in the very first article that he published in a leading Arab newspaper as foreign minister he called on all regional countries to join Iran in a regional security pact to ensure that none of the countries of the region would have to rely on a foreign force to ensure their security.
The media were unable to convey the speech
In view of these and many other important issues that he raised in order to establish peace and security in the Middle East and prevent another major war, it was expected that the distinguished audience would try to ask about those issues and expand the discussion about how to achieve peace and security in that critical region.
Instead, most of the MPs and journalists who asked questions and took part in the discussions dwelt upon Iran’s “barbaric” treatment of women, minorities, homosexuals, opposition forces, and dissidents.
They challenged him about the number of dual nationals that are going through the Iranian judicial system, etc.
Human rights and wrong in Iran – once more time
I am the first to admit that the human rights situation in Iran is not satisfactory and needs a great deal of improvement, as I have stated on many occasions in the past and written extensively about in my various articles.
Not only is Iran’s judiciary independent of the government,
Many court rulings in Iran are unfair and arbitrary and political in nature. The Iranian judiciary needs fundamental change and it must be forced to observe the rule of law and due process.
There are at the moment about a dozen dual nationals from Austria Britain, France, Sweden and the United States whose cases are going through the Iranian judicial system. Most of them are charged with espionage or trying to undermine Iranian national security, in most cases wrongly.
Having seen the effect of the so-called colour revolutions in a number of East European countries, Iranian hardliners are deeply suspicious of some Iranian nationals who have close and extensive relations with foreign governments and organisations.
They fear that they wish to bring down the Iranian government. Open declarations by US officials in support of regime change in Iran, and Saudi and Western support for some terrorist organisations such as the Mojahedin-e Khalq or ethnic separatists in Iran only strengthen those suspicions.
It is right and proper for foreign journalists and politicians to criticise human rights violations in Iran. Some of these politicians may even be quite sincere, and their criticism may be out of genuine concern for the plight of the victims of the Iranian judicial system.
However, the point that Zarif rightly made in his response to those charges was that their support for human rights was selective.
All Iranians would like to see human rights respected fully in Iran and the highest standards observed.
Many Iranian people, especially women who are fighting against compulsory hijab, have taken part in many public protests, written open letters to the authorities, including a letter by 14 brave female activists to Iran’s clerical leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei calling on him to resign and allow the government to run the country without his interference.
The comparative perspective
However, despite Iran’s human rights violations, its record does not compare with what is going on in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Libya, Yemen, and Somalia which the United States and her Western allies have invaded on dishonest pretexts based on sheer lies.
In all those countries, millions of people have been killed, many more millions have been made homeless, towns and cities have been destroyed and a flood of refugees has turned toward other countries, including Europe.
Even now, many years after the initial invasions, hundreds of people are being killed on a daily basis, and millions are living as refugees in dreadful conditions in various refugee camps all over the world.
Eighteen years after invading Afghanistan, spending perhaps more than a trillion dollars, killing and maiming hundreds of thousands of people, the United States has failed in its mission and the Taliban is resurgent and controls more than half of the country.
The number of casualties from bombings and terrorist acts in Afghanistan in the past year has been larger than in many preceding years.
As a result, US officials have been forced to start talking to the Taliban, behind the backs of the Afghan government, trying to reach an agreement with them in order to allow the United States to withdraw its 18,000 forces currently in Afghanistan.
Syria, a beautiful and prosperous country prior to Western efforts to topple President Bashar Assad, has been turned into rubble with over half a million people killed, and the carnage is still continuing.
The same is true of Libya, which has been split into two halves. A former warlord, General Khalifa Haftar, attacked Tripoli with the weapons that the UAE had purchased from the United States, and after many bombings and killings he was forced to retreat emptyhanded.
Meanwhile, the Saudi-led coalition’s bombing of the poorest country in the region, Yemen, has killed tens of thousands and has produced the worst humanitarian disaster according to the United Nations. The list goes on and on.
Even compared to some of her neighbours that have not been invaded, Iran’s human rights situation is better.
Saudi Arabia beheads dozens of people for political and religious offences every year, and it is illegal to have a single church, synagogue or temple anywhere in Saudi Arabia.
Turkey holds the largest number of journalists in prisons for political reasons.
Israel implements apartheid policies towards the Palestinians, imprisons thousands of Palestinians, including children, and is guilty of repeated attacks and war crimes against the defenceless people of Gaza.
Yet, none of those countries is criticised as strongly as Iran because they are US allies.
Iran has got the largest university population in the Middle East, with some of her universities ranked among the best in the world. In the 2013-14 academic year, more than 4.5 million students enrolled in Iranian universities, with over 750,000 graduates each year. Almost regularly, women constitute about 60% of all university students.
Tens of millions of pupils attend free primary and secondary education. The rate of literary in Iran is among the highest in the world, with Iran’s educational, scientific and technological developments placing it among the advanced countries in the world, according to the UN.
Iran is one of the few countries in the world that manufactures and launches her own satellites, and has mastered the full nuclear enrichment cycle.
Iran is one of the top six or seven countries in the world in nanotechnology. It produces nearly 97% of its medical needs, manufactures most of its military equipment and is a leading vehicle manufacturer in the region.
Millions of Iranians and refugees receive free medical treatment. Despite unfair and illegal US sanctions, still tens of millions of Iranian workers go to work in the morning and return home safe and sound taking care of the basic needs of their families.
All of these are important achievements, especially in the war-ravaged Middle East, and Iran was also subjected to eight years of a devastating war with Iraq that inflicted nearly a trillion dollars worth of damage on the country.
The human rights record of the United States
While it is perfectly right to criticise Iran’s human rights record, it is also important to put these issues into perspective and see who is the greatest violator of human rights.
Apart from having the largest rate of mass shootings, homicides and the largest prison population in the world, the US’s main violation of human rights concern its foreign adventures.
At the moment, the United States is openly violating an international agreement endorsed unanimously by the EU and by the Security Council. It is openly calling for regime change in Iran.
It has imposed extraterritorial sanctions on Iran which are hurting the ordinary people. If it is allowed to attack Iran, it can kill millions, destroy the country and produce a flood of refugees to the West, the like of which we have not seen before.
Those who are sincere in their defence of human rights should raise their voices against the US’s imperialist and aggressive policies and make sure that the United States does not launch another war based on fabricated excuses.
They should call on the US administration to return to the JCPOA and lift its illegal sanctions on Iran.
At the same time, the best way to improve Iran’s human rights record is to engage her in dialogue and bring her closer to the West, as the JCPOA was doing.